He was perhaps the most important philosophical thinker to appear in latin christendom between augustine in the fifth century and anselm in the eleventh. This action did not imply the condemnation of all of eriugenas views, and a number of authors such as alexander and hugh continued to side with eriugena on the points that we have examined. Duns the scot, was a scottish catholic priest and franciscan friar, university professor, philosopher, and theologian. He is one of the three most important philosophertheologians of western europe in the high middle ages, together with thomas aquinas. Everyone agrees on the john, but the rest of his name is spelled in various ways. John duns scotus 1265668 was one of the most important and influential philosophertheologians of the high middle ages. John scottus eriugena great medieval thinkers 97801951624. Version of the annotationes in marcianum based on the manuscript oxford bodleian library auct t.
A philosophicaltheological work, running to five books, written by the continental irish scholar known as john scottus eriugena fl. Philosophy properly speaking begin in the ninth century with john scottus erigena. John scotus eriugena boston collaborative encyclopedia of. Treatise on divine predestination, with an introduction by wohlman a. I argue that eriugena s system of nature must be approached through an investigation of his epistemology and general philosophy of mind. The irish philosopher and theologian john scotus erigena ca. Eriugena anticipates thomas aquinas, who said that one cannot know. This work is a substantial contribution to the history of philosophy.
The claim that eriugenas model of the sun, stars, and planets anticipates the. Joannes scotus, in exponendis divinis et humanis scripturis satis idoneus, fecit tractatus in matthaeum. In his preface to god and philosophy, etienne gilson claims that a historical approach to philosophy uses the history of philosophy or rather, the. Scribd is the world s largest social reading and publishing site. Working and writing at the carolingian court, in the time of charles the bald, grandson of charlemagne charles the great, was an irish master of the liberal arts, john scotus the scot eriugena 810c. He wrote a number of works, but is best known today for having written the division of nature, which has been called the final. In his era, ireland was known by the name scotland, hence scotus. Understanding eriugenas writings as intentional attempts to close the gaps that had formed between east and west, mcginn, in his introduction, aims to explain how the essays in the book illustrate aspects of eriugenas attempts to reconcile latins and greeks. John scotus erigena, also called johannes scotus eriugena, born 810, irelanddied c. John scottus eriugena, the ninthcentury irish philosopher and theologian, is known as the interpreter of greek thought to the latin west. Scottus frequently appears as scotus, and eriugena if often found as erigena. An irish teacher, theologian, philosopher, and poet, who lived in the ninth century.
At the invitation of king charles the bald, eriugena moved to france at age 30 to take over the palace school. Nothing is known about eriugenas place or date of birth or of the circumstances of his early life, but, on the basis of circumstantial evidence and some surviving testimonia helpfully gathered in brennan 1986, it is conjectured that he was born in ireland around 800 or possibly slightly earlier c. He wrote the book of the human duties and other things which others have. Editions and translations extant works of eriugena ca.
A christian neoplatonist, he developed a unique synthesis between the neoplatonic traditions of pseudodionysius and augustine. John scotus eriugena project gutenberg selfpublishing. Little is known about his life, his education, and of his influence. John scotus eriugena is the author of periphyseon 5. John scottus eriugena stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Flourished france, 9th century johannes scottus eriugena was a scholar of the carolingian renaissance. Theory and history of ontology by raul corazzon email.
Eriugenas enlightened and surprisingly progressive view reveals an astonishingly positive scenario of a triumphantly compassionate, everloving god who is the heart, source and substance of everyone. Johannes scotus eriugenas biography and life story. He wrote a number of works, but is best known today, and had most influence in subsequent centuries, for having translated and made commentaries upon the work of pseudodionysius. The decisive action was taken in 1241 in a council at the university of. His most famous astronomical work is a commentary on that of martianus capella. This thesis is a study of the philosophical system of a littlestudied, but important medieval thinker, john scottus eriugena, concentrating on his periphyseon. Eriugenas contemporaries invariably refer to him as joannes scottus or joannes scottigena.
The subject of this study was named by archbishop ussher in his veterum epistolarum hibernicarum sylloge dublin, 1632 scotus erigena. John scotus erigena, theologian, translator, and commentator on several earlier authors in works centring on the integration of greek and neoplatonist philosophy with christian belief. The book is a comprehensive study of john scotus eriugenas commentary. This is a pleonasm since, in the lifetime of the man in question and up to the eleventh or twelfth century, scotus or scottus. John scotus eruigena was a philosophertheologian educated in ireland his likely birthplace and a noted scholar of greek. Hagen, the editor of the phototype reproduction of this wellknown irish codex b, for his analysis of the numerous marginal annotations found throughout the manuscript 2. Surprisingly from this backwater in dark age europe, one of the finest minds in western philosophy emerged.
Eriugena was assisted by one, possibly two other persons in writing the book, based on the. Periphyseon by johannes scottus eriugena goodreads. But in the age of john scotus eriugena, christian churchmen did not burn books. In this capacity, he helped to transmit dionysian mystical theology to the medieval latin west. Anthony nemetz 1956 proceedings of the american catholic philosophical association 30. John scotus eriugena, or john the scot, was in irish monk and philosopher who worked in 8th century ireland. Where we are now, as it were, a very clear depiction of eriugena and his times, followed by the way down metaphysics to human nature in the world, and then the way back, or the return. Scottus scotus eriugena, johannes john springerlink. Eriugena, john scotus, an irish teacher, theologian, philosopher, and poet, who lived in the ninth century.
He succeeded alcuin of york 735804 as head of the palace school at aachen. Of these, the oldest and most acceptable, philologically, is. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. He had complete access to greek and latin literature, because the christian monks who came to ireland after patrick, brought the greek and latin works with them. John scotus eriugenas homily on the prologue to the gospel of st. John scotus, in explaining the divine and human scriptures, made a tractatus in mattheum. Its subject, the ninthcentury philosopher john scottus eriugena, developed a form of idealism that owed as much to the greek neoplatonic tradition as to the latin fathers and anticipated the priority of the subject in its modern, most radical statement. John scottus eriugena 93 the result of this undertaking was. Mcginn, in his introduction, aims to explain how the essays in the book illustrate aspects of eriugenas attempts to reconcile latins and greeks. The journal of the braniff graduate school of liberal arts philosophy and its history.
He is best known for translating and commenting on the works of pseudodionysius the areopagite. In 1225 the periphyseon was condemned and ordered burnt by pope honorius iii. The organizational structure of this book reflects eriugenas neoplatonic outlook. Johannes scottus eriugena was a scholar of the carolingian renaissance.
Sheldonwilliams was of the opinion that periphyseon book one had emerged. Moran has written the most comprehensive study yet of eriugenas philosophy, tracing the sources of his thinking and analyzing his most. In this capacity, he helped to transmit dionysian mystical theology to. Johannes scotus eriugena johannes scotus eriugena biography. It is presented, like alcuins book, as a dialogue between master and pupil. He succeeded alcuin of york 735804 as head of the palace school at aachen he wrote a number of works, but is best known today for having written the division of nature, which has been called the final achievement of ancient philosophy, a work which. John scottus eriugena 93 the result of this undertaking was eriugenas masterpiece, the dialogue. Eriugena, john scotus, an irish teacher, theologian, philosopher, and poet, who lived in the ninth century name. This is a radically different picture than that painted by the nominator. John scotus eriugena, thomas moore, christopher bamford.
John scotus eriugena, an irishman transplanted to france, translated early greek church. As scholar deirdre carabine notes in her book length. All five books of the periphyseon have appeared in this series. His brilliantly complex and nuanced thought, which earned him the nickname the subtle doctor, left a mark on discussions of such disparate topics as the semantics of religious language, the problem of universals, divine illumination, and the nature of human. Eriugenas philosophical efforts were now directed towards construct ing a vast synthesis of the learning of greek east and latin west, recon ciling augustine and dionysius, roman realism with eastern mysticism.
John scotus eriugena for the cambridge history of philosophy in late antiquity eriugena, master of the liberal arts, translator, philologue, poet, philosopher, and theologian, reinvented the greater part of the theses of neoplatonism trouillard 1983, 331, by his time largely forgotten in the latin west. Nature and mind in the philosophy of john scottus eriugena. John duns scotus stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Ireland was one of the most important cultural areas of the early middle ages. From about 845, erigena lived at the court of the west frankish king charles ii the bald, near laon now in. Eriugena s contemporaries invariably refer to him as joannes scottus or joannes scottigena. Iohannes scottus seu eriugena, periphyseon curante ctlo, centre traditio. No ones actually given evidence of the most common academic usage. Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and publishing site. Eriugena has the accent on the u, while erigena has the accent on the i.512 84 1235 438 78 351 671 426 627 405 381 1031 583 835 700 820 715 166 830 1343 1027 1132 105 917 328 97 1137 128 162 579 126 627